Tag Archives: Cartes de Visite

Merille : photographer ? Publisher ? Pirate ?

We previously wrote about issues of authorship in early Mexican photography. But a set of cartes de visite, recently discovered, shed a new light on this complex subject.

Most of these carte de visite sized prints are mounted on board. On the verso, they are stamped with the name and address of “Merille, fotografo, 2da calle de San Francisco, n° 8, Mexico”. In itself, a wet stamp on the back of a carte de visite is unusual, as most studio photographers would have their cards printed by a typographical printer. Even more curious is the carte bellow.

mex-cdv335

 

Merille just stamped a Julio Amiel card ! On most of the other cards, the Julio Amiel name have been carefully erased, but is still visible…

 

mex-cdv336 mex-cdv337

Julio Amiel (certainly a French Jules Amiel) is known to have been active in Mexico city from 1860 to 1864. His studio was at n°7, 2da calle de San Francisco – so just next door or in front of the future studio or shop of Merille. It is believed that Amiel sold his studio in 1864 to François Aubert. Of Merille, we know almost nothing : only  the address of his studio. His first name is controversial : one source names him as Auguste, an other one as François. According to Palmquist and Kailbourn, in their hugely useful Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide, he was active in Mexico city from 1864 to 1867. As we know with more certainty that François Aubert was active in Mexico from 1864 to 1869, that would place Merille and Aubert at the same time in Mexico city, facing each other, quite literally, in the calle de San Francisco…

But here is the rub : Merille is a well known name, and a lot of images bearing his stamp can be found in museum in the US or Mexico. But I have never personally seen a Merille photograph that was not actually by Aubert or an other photographer, including from now on Amiel. And all the photographs bellow, stamped on the back by Merille, fit pretty well in this theory : Merille was a publisher, not a photographer. (All titles are the original in Spanish inscribed in ink on the versos).

Indians

Indians

Tortilleras

Tortilleras

Emperatriz Carlota

Emperatriz Carlota (probably by Disderi, and dated 1868, after the death of the emperor).

Cocinera

Cocinera

Calle de Plateros

Calle de Plateros

Tortilleras

Tortilleras

Esquina de las calles Empedradillo, Escalerillas y Tacuba.

Esquina de las calles Empedradillo, Escalerillas y Tacuba.

Cupula de Santa Tereza à Vera Cruz

Cupula de Santa Tereza à Vera Cruz

Portail des marechaux

Portail des maréchaux

Catedral al Poniente

Catedral al Poniente

Chapultepec

Chapultepec

Templo de Santa Gertrudis en Orizaba

Templo de Santa Gertrudis en Orizaba

Cathedral

Cathedral

Calendario azteca

Calendario azteca

La Profesa

La Profesa

Looking forward to hear from my Mexican friends : do you know of any photographs that you can, without doubt, attribute to Merille ? Or is he an early and shameless photographic pirate ?

You can also follow us on instagram at gregoryleroyphoto.

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Brazil circa 1870s.

We picked up these gorgeous cartes de visite of Brazilian tipos yesterday.

They were created by two photo studios: “Companie Fotografica Coquimbo” and “Arcenio Borges Photographo” in Rio de Janeiro around the 1870s.

The only other photograph from “Companie Fotografica Coquimbo” we’ve found is at the New York Public Library.

Tell us what you think about these vintage photos in the comments section below and share them with all your Brazilian friends.

Carte de Visite - Brasil

By “Arcenio Borges Photographo”.

Carte de Visite - Brasil

By “Companie Fotografica Coquimbo”.

Carte de Visite - Brasil

By “Companie Fotografica Coquimbo”.

Carte de Visite - Brasil

Anonymous.

Carte de Visite - Brasil

By “Companie Fotografica Coquimbo”.

Carte de Visite - Brasil

By “Companie Fotografica Coquimbo”.

Carte de Visite - Brasil

By “Companie Fotografica Coquimbo”.

This last photograph came with the rest of the group but we believe, based on the clothing and features, that it was taken in Bolivia.

Carte de Visite - Bolivia

Anonymous.

These are the versos of the cartes de visite.
Carte de Visite - Brasil Carte de Visite - Brasil